The milk plant is a place, premises where milk is collect, process, store, pasteurize, packaged and prepared for supply. The milk processing plant must have license for it. In this license, a milk processing plant may prefer to process to milk and milk products. There are many dairy business plants all over the world. The whole process starts in dairy farms which have cattle such as cows, buffaloes and goats for milking purposes.
Capacity of Milk Processing Plants
Milk Plants are small, medium and big. These use different types of milk processing equipment according maximum milk capacity per day. There are number of dairy products like ghee, cream, butter, toned milk, double toned milk and skimmed milk that are also manufactured in milk plant. Milk is initially dumped in big milk tank from the milk tankers after that it chilled in a chilling unit. This chilled milk is pasteurized in the milk pasteurizer and cream is divided from the cream separator which gets skimmed milk. Milk is generally depends on the necessity of toned milk, skimmed milk, double toned milk or full cream milk.
Process of Milk Processing Plants
Initial process: The proper milk production is very vital in the dairy farm. Dairy cows are milked 2 times in a day in all dairy farms. The big farms use good equipments for the processing procedure. After that, it is transferred to big refrigerated milk tanks. These milk tanks are collected by big trucks that transport the product to the milk processing plants. It is important to check the taste and temperature of product before transporting the product to milk processing plants that is suitable for use or not. If the truck is transported to the processing plants then the milk processing plant is pumped into special tanks. After that, it is taken for separation and clarification procedure.
Next process: In the milk processing plants, the product separates from bacteria that it is perfect for use. This procedure is well-known as clarification. It is turn in huge vats for some time and the initial spin separates every types of bacteria and fragments from the product. It turns again to separate heavy and light milk. After that, the process involves heat the product to destroy the remaining bacteria present in it. The product is heated and passed all the way through steel pipes in procedure of pasteurization. The next step is homogenization that eliminates fat from the product. The product is heated to decrease the fat particles that present in it. Without the procedure of homogenization, fat particles would float over the milk. Therefore, these processes are very helpful for milk processing business and also for plants.
Final Process: The final process includes packaging the product in cartons and the plastic bags. These cartons are frequently stamped with the dates and long life of the products. It is transported from the milk processing plants to different places.